Bacterias endófitas: una alternativa biologica para el control de burkholderia glumae en el cultivo del arroz en colombia.
Bacterial endophytes: an alternative biological control in burkholderia glumae rice in colombia.

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Autores

ALEXANDER PEREZ, C.

LEONARDO CHAMORRO, A

Resumen

Las investigaciones más comunes en ecología microbiana, han sido orientadas a las interacciones microbio-planta desde el punto de vista simbiótico y de patogénico. Las bacterias endófitas colonizan el interior de los tejidos de las plantas, principalmente espacios intercelulares, raramente en espacios intracelulares y dentro de tejidos vasculares sin causar síntomas de enfermedad en la planta. La penetración en la planta puede ocurrir por estomas, heridas, áreas de emergencia de raíces laterales, siendo que estas bacterias pueden producir enzimas hidrolíticas capaces de degradar la pared celular de los vegetales. Estudios moleculares reciente sobre diversidad de bacterias endófitas han revelado una alta riqueza de filotipos, que promueven el crecimiento de las planta, suprimen fitopatógenos, ayudan a remover contaminantes, solubilizan fosfato y contribuyen a la asimilación biológica de nitrógeno.

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Referencias

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