Suplementación lipídica para la producción de carne bovina en confinamientos
Lipid supplementation for the production of bovine meat in feedlots

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Daniela Alvarado-Vesga

Yury Tatiana Granja-Salcedo


Los rumiantes consumen cantidades reducidas de lípidos en las dietas limitando así los desempeños productivos, por lo cual incrementar las concentraciones de estos en la dieta permite diversos beneficios como mayor disponibilidad de energía, mejor nivel productivo, aprovechamiento de área y calidad nutricional de productos como carne y leche. En la ganadería de carne los requerimientos energéticos son mayores y los lípidos por ser una fuente extremadamente rica en energía ayudan a un mejor desempeño de peso y a la absorción de vitaminas liposolubles, sin embargo, pueden desencadenar alteraciones en la población y la fermentación ruminal. Esta revisión tuvo como objetivo discutir los efectos de la suplementación lipídica sobre el metabolismo ruminal y los microrganismos que habitan ese ecosistema en la producción de carne bajo confinamiento. Investigaciones sugieren que la adición de lípidos permite mejorar la productividad y calidad de la carne, lo cual es importante para la seguridad alimentaria. Además, la evaluación del metabolismo ruminal con dietas lipídicas y sus asociaciones posibilita explorar mejorías en la composición de las mismas, para mejores beneficios productivos y contribuir así con las demandas de proteína.

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