Evaluación de los parámetros ambientales de la casa de aves de corral enjaulada por batería en el clima tropical húmedo

The Evaluation of the environmental parameters of battery-caged poultry house in the humid tropical climate Avaliação dos parâmetros ambientais da caneta de camada com bateria no clima tropical úmido

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Ayoola Olawole Jongbo


El estrés por calor es un factor clave que afecta la producción de los animales. En aves ponedoras, puede causar pérdida de peso corporal y alta mortalidad. Con este fin, se realizó un estudio en una casa de capas enjaulada y ventilada naturalmente para evaluar los parámetros ambientales y el índice de estrés por calor dentro del edificio durante el período de clima cálido. A lo largo del estudio, se midieron y registraron los parámetros ambientales (temperatura del aire, humedad relativa y velocidad del aire), dentro y fuera del edificio experimental. También se calculó el índice de estrés por calor utilizando el índice de temperatura-humedad (THI). Los resultados del estudio indicaron que las aves ponedoras en este estudio estuvieron sometidas la mayor parte de su vida a condiciones de calor que podrían tener un efecto significativo en su desempeño. También se descubrió que la velocidad del aire dentro del edificio era muy baja (0.07ms-1 a 0.58ms-1) lo que no podía proporcionar un ambiente fresco para las aves. Se encontró que el índice de estrés por calor (THI) dentro del edificio de aves ponedoras está influenciado principalmente por la alta humedad relativa en comparación con la temperatura ambiente. Por lo tanto, sería apropiado evaluarse la distribución del flujo de aire dentro del edificio avícola, utilizando la dinámica de fluidos computacional para comprender el perfil de velocidad dentro del edificio. Esto podría ayudar a los ingenieros a rediseñar el edificio y hacerlo apropiado para poner aves en el clima tropical húmedo.

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