Seroprevalencia de Mycobacterium avium Subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) en una granja de ganado de carne de bosque húmedo tropical en Caucasia, Antioquia, Colombia
Seroprevalence of Mycobacterium avium Subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in a beef cattle farm of a tropical moist forest in Caucasia, Antioquia, Colombia

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Autores

Maria Vélez A.

Yinedy Rendón D.

Andrés Valencia R.

Nicolás Ramírez V.

Jorge Fernández-S

Resumen

El presente estudio se realizó para determinar la seroprevalencia a MAP en ganado de carne de una granja en bosque húmedo tropical ubicada en el municipio de Caucasia. Se tomaron muestras de sangre de todos los bovinos mayores de dos años (n=151) y se obtuvo información de características individuales (edad, raza, sexo, número de partos, estado reproductivo y días posparto). Las muestras de suero fueron analizadas mediante el Ensayo por inmunoabsorción ligado a enzimas (ELISA), mientras que la información fue analizada usando estadística descriptiva y analítica (Prueba de chi cuadrado y prueba exacta de Fisher). Los resultados de ELISA mostraron una seroprevalencia del 33.8% (IC 95% 26.1-41.4) y el análisis estadístico mostró asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el resultado de ELISA y la raza. De acuerdo a los resultados, un alto nivel de seroprevalencia fue determinado en ganado de carne por primera vez en Colombia. Futuros estudios en este tipo de ganado deben ser realizados para aumentar el conocimiento de la prevalencia de la enfermedad en el país.

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Referencias

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